Handcuffing Techniques and Vehicle Removal – Police Tactics
(00:20) Good morning. My name is Kurt Vandegrift, I’m the deputy director of operations for the United States Police Defensive Tactics Association. With me Garry Weiner, he will help me this morning.
(00:29) We’re going to talk about the basics of handcuffing. I’m going to start out talking about the types of handcuffs.
Types of handcuffs:
- Chain Handcuff
- Hinge Handcuff
(00:35) You have your basic chain handcuff, it’s going to chain him between. They also have hinge-handcuffs, which I personally prefer because of the control factor and it is harder for the suspect that you have arrested to be able to maneuver while he has them on.
(00:52) When I refer to the handcuffs, I will be talking about the opening and that is this part here where will go over the arm and comes around.
(01:02) They also have your key hole and it will be what you use to take it off. On the backside is a little hole which is the double-lock mechanism. You never ever want to handcuff an individual without double-locking the handcuff. Because if he moves, the cuff can tighten causing an injury to him and that ups to a liability great deal.
How to do handcuffing:
(01:25) When handcuffing, our fort to the base of the handcuff. Gary turn around here.
(01:31) When I’m handcuffing someone, I will always want the base to be running up the backside of his arm. So when I handcuff, it’s a nest position and I’m in position to cuff the other hand.
(01:44) Like I said what’s wrong, you will hear me repeat this several as about always double-lock your handcuff.
How to carry the handcuff:
(01:53) On how to carry the handcuff. The key holes are on handcuff and I always recommend carrying the heat key holes together and when you put it on your side, I’ll always like to do it with my dominant hand side. Which would be my gun’s side, because you never want to approach somebody to handcuff him with a gun on your hand. You need to have full control of the suspect in your handcuff not worrying about the gun.
(02:16) I like to place on my duty belt right behind my gun, works at easy rage. I don’t want to have to fumble ford. I place with the opening ford, the opening ford, so when I pull it out, the holster together and I can drop, I have now the right side. It is on the right side, the left zone on the left.
(02:40) So when I come out, if I’m handcuffing Gary here, and I’m cuffing. I know this is his left hand, all I have to do is drop and I medially have the right cuff in my hand for that arm.
(02:52) And the reason I do that with the holes together is now when I cuff, the hole is pointed up his forearm. So if he has a key or a pick, it’s going to be nearly impossible for him to get to it.
(03:04) And which protects me and him because if he gets out of it, escalates the use of force, I may have to go to permanently stopping him. Now we don’t want to do that.
Stages and levels of handcuffing:
(03:17) In handcuffing, we are going to go through stages and levels of force as we do it. It may be an essence for you, you happen to just control somebody, maybe at a stop and it just for you and your other officers’ protection.
(03:30) So, it’s a very calm but you always want to be alert. If I am approaching Gary here, and he is here, I always want to turn to where my gun side is turned away from the suspect.
(03:43) I do not ever want to step in here to handcuff because he could slip back in this army. And now we are in the situation, the police officer always has to remember, there is always one gun at any confrontation he is at and that’s his. And the worst scenario is for him to have his firearm taken from him.
(04:02) So, Gary is a cooperative individual, it’s not a big deal but I still want to use caution, I wan to use good tactical sense, where I’m right here and in a bell, I’m going to say ‘Put your hands behind your back, sir. With the back of your hands together’.
(04:17) This is going to prevent the individual from being able to maneuver with his hands at the back. I pull my handcuff, I’m going to cuff his hand, his left hand first, that’s just a natural movement for me. So I drop, I have the left handcuff in my hand with the hole going up. I’m going to approach, I’m going to control his hand, just like I’m shaking his hand.
(04:36) I’m going to place this on the thumb side, always the thumb side, always to the back of the hand with the hole facing up. Now, I don’t have to slap this on here because if you slap this on here, there is a bone in the nerve right there, the radial nerve, and it will be painful.
(04:53) All you have to do is stick it on, stick it around, bring it in. Now, I’ve got a good cuff on there, just not too tight. I’ll say ‘Put your other hand behind your back, sir’. All I have to do now is slip my grip and I can control the other hand.
(05:07) If I had to, I would not even have to do that. I could just reach over, place it down, with the hole side down and cuffing down.
(05:19) He is very step right here, I had him cranked up but it worked. Now, I’ve got him cuffed, I bring out my handcuff key and I always recommend getting an extended key so you don’t have to fumble with the small handcuff key.
(05:31) I’m going to double-lock, that is what the pin on the end of the key is for. I’ve got to double-lock each cuff and now I have him secured. Now, I can be in a good position to search him, do anything I want from this position with control.
(05:45) You will notice I have my hand between on both cuffs, where I have control. If Gary try to get aggressive, all I have to do is crank that handcuff. Either direction, I can cause pain but I can cuff him or I can raise it up, as you can see that causes him discomfort and from this point, I can reach into the eyes socket, pull him back or under the nose, under the nerve under the nose and have a good escort position right here, controlling him.
(06:18) The same way now. Now when I take the cuff off, I want to use the same tactical approach just I did when I cuffed him. I want to have my gun side away, I’m going to reach, I’m going to say ‘Sir, I’m going to un-cuff you now’. I’m going to reach in with the hole, you have to turn the key, both ways fully, put that hand on top of your head, sir.
(06:39) As you will notice, I have hole in the handcuff, controlling the individual. Now, I can step out here on this one. Giving me more distance to be safe. Always keeping my eye on the individual to the best I can.
(06:52) And now, I cuff it, turn the key, take it off, say ‘Sir, turn around and sit down’, whatever you want this individual to do from this point. Very tackle, very easy. Very safe for both of us.
(07:07) Thank you, Gary.
Uncontrolled Individual (Tense)
(07:10) Now, we will talk about levels. That was very a cooperative individual. Now I have the individual who may be I’m just not sure about or he has been a little tense, so I’m going to have to say ‘Sir, turn away from me. Put your hands behind your head and release your fingers’.
(07:29) We’re going to do this for a reason here. I’m going to say ‘Spread your legs, sir. Spread them out. Okay. Wider’. I want this individual on the most uncomfortable position he can be in. ‘Sir, point your toes out’.
(07:40) The reason I have him point his toes out is he cannot move and he has one direction. I control where he is going.
(07:49) Now as I approach, again, I have my cuffs and my cuff case. The holes are together, holes are always together. When I come out I know which hand I’m doing.
(08:00) In this senses, I will start with his right hand. But I’m going to approach if he had long hair, I would get a hold of his hair, along with the fingers. I’m going to reach in here and grab those fingers. As Gary can probably say ‘Sir, that’s not real comfortable’.
(08:15) I can even lean him forward or lean him back now, causing him to feel less control. I want to feel like I’m in control of the situation.
(08:25) I’m going to drop, I have my cuff in my hand, remember what I said; We always approach from the thumb side. So the thumb side with the base of his forearm, I’m going to come underneath.
(08:38) I am to get a little air, like I did right there but I’m going to latch. Now I’m going to put my thumb in the handcuff. Now if he tries to jerk away, I have a good hold, he cannot get away. Now, I’m going to reach under, grab this cuff, bring your arm around, keep your legs spread, I’m having in a control position here.
(08:59) I can bring him around, apply the other cuff, bring out my key. Remember, we always double-lock. I double-locked the individual. Now, I have control, I’m going to say ‘ Sir please stand up’.
(09:11) Here we go. Now we are relaxed and we’re in a good position to escort where we need to go.
(09:18) Again, when I’m taking him off, I want to have my gun side away, I’m going to turn both directions, take the cuff off. Put that hand on top of your head, sir. I’m going to step out here, the good distance or I have visual on him and you should always probably have another individual with you, watching the suspect as you are doing this.
(09:40) And I take the cuff off, I step, giving myself more distance as I’m controlling so I don’t want to be concentrated on this while I’m dealing with my suspect.
(09:50) That there, is for an individual who might have been giving you trouble and we give you pretty good control over the suspect.